December 5, 2018


The Americans excavate the Compartment Wall (diateichisma)   In the years 1932–1937, the American School of Classical Studies undertakes excavations in collaboration with the Archaeological Service. During the period 1936–1937, the whole, 850-meters-long Compartment Wall is restored at least on […]
December 5, 2018


The construction of the new church of Agia Marina below the Observatory   The once-upon-a-time medieval, cave-like little church of Agia Marina is integrated into the reconstruction plan of a new and far larger church bearing the same name, based […]
December 5, 2018


The residence of the famous painter Parthenis   The controversial modern-style and example of the Bauhaus architecture residence of Constantinos Parthenis (1878–1967), one of the most prominent Greek painters of the 20th century, stands out on the junction of 40 […]
December 5, 2018
Στιγμιότυπο από την καθημερινή ζωή στον Ασύρματο (Αρχείο ΕΡΤ Α.Ε. - Συλλογή Πέτρου Πουλίδη).


The district of “Asyrmatos”   In the area close to the radio transmitter of the Greek Navy War School and on the rocks of the old quarry on the Hill of the Muses (Philopappos) settle 800 immigrant families from Asia […]
December 5, 2018


The “Allied Army of the Orient” camps on the Hill of the Muses   Despite the initial neutrality of Greece in World War I, in October 1915 the Anglo-French army of Entente lands in Thessaloniki and forms the “Allied Army […]
December 5, 2018


Excavations on the Pnyx   Under the supervision of Konstantinos Kourouniotes, the Archaeological Society at Athens undertakes excavations in order to study the monumental retaining wall, and it is confirmed that the area is identified with the ancient Pnyx, the […]
December 5, 2018
Το τηλεσκόπιο Δωρίδη και το Αστεροσκοπείο, ίσως στην ίδια θέση όπου ο Αθηναίος αστρονόμος Μέτων έκανε τις παρατηρήσεις του κατά τον 5ο αι. π.Χ. (Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN).


The Doridis telescope   The large refracting telescope of the National Observatory of Athens is manufactured by the French house Gautier, financed by donations of Greeks of the Diaspora; it is installed under a special vault, a few metres away […]
December 5, 2018
Ο ασύρματος τηλέγραφος με την ψηλή κεραία του δεσπόζει στο τοπίο (Ministère de la Culture (France) - Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine - diffusion RMN).

Early 20th c.

The installation of the radio communication system station   To the southwest of the Observatory the station of the radio communication system is installed, with a 45-metre long antenna. According to Manolis Korres, the location of the building is identified […]
December 5, 2018


The gradual afforestation of the Hills   The Philodasiki Enosis (Society of Friends of the Forest) is founded in 1899 and undertakes to carry out the important project of reforesting the basin of Attica. After the introduction of Act 2740/1900, […]
December 5, 2018


New proprietorship of the rocky heights   The status of the quarries changes definitively by the Act 2646/1899 “On antiquities”, according to which the proprietorship of the rocky heights bearing ancient structures and cuttings come definitively under the authority of […]
December 5, 2018


Excavations at the top of the Hill of the Muses and next to the Observatory   The summit of the Hill of the Muses (Philopappos) is excavated under the supervision of Andreas Skias, the objective being to find the architectural […]
December 5, 2018
Εκτεταμένα λαξεύματα στη δυτική πλαγιά του λόφου των Νυμφών, προτού λατομηθούν (Universität Heidelberg).


The first systematic attempt to map the antiquities   In 1878, archaeologist and historian Ernst Curtius, and cartographer and topographer Johann August Kaupert undertook a systematic mapping of the antiquities in the region of the Western Hills. As it is […]